This Course and Program Catalogue is effective from May 2019 to April 2020.

Not all courses described in the Course and Program Catalogue are offered each year. For a list of course offerings in 2019-2020, please consult the class search website.

The following conventions are used for course numbering:

  • 010-099 represent non-degree level courses
  • 100-699 represent undergraduate degree level courses
  • 700-999 represent graduate degree level courses

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55 Results

VSAC 205.1: Basic Surgical Skills

A web based instruction manual will be used for a self-study and tutorial based approach to learning and mastering of basic surgical skills. Students will have access to computerized lessons demonstrating basic surgical skills that they will be responsible for learning at their own pace using home-based models. Instructors will be available during weekly scheduled tutorial times to provide individualized help if required.

Formerly: Part of VSAC 350.2
Restriction(s): Admitted to Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 356.1: Veterinary Anesthesiology

The core component is designed to teach the fundamental principles of veterinary anesthesia. It will focus on pharmacology, physiology and pathophysiology as it relates to anesthesia of domestic species with commonly encountered conditions.

Formerly: Part of VSAC 350.2
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 357.1: Surgical Principles

An introduction to the science and pathophysiology of veterinary surgery. Multiple species are used to develop an understanding of the fundamental principles and technical skills associated with the management of surgical conditions. The course is a combination of lectures and laboratory exercises.

Formerly: Part of VSAC 350.2
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 362.2: Veterinary Medical Imaging

Teaches the fundamentals of veterinary medical imaging, emphasizing x-ray and ultrasound, through a series of illustrated lectures and supervised film-reading laboratories. The course focuses on the basic principles of image analysis and interpretation through developing an understanding of clinical anatomy.

Formerly: VSAC 351.2
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 376.3: Clinical Examination and Diagnosis

A series of lectures and laboratories dealing with clinical examinations of the domestic animal species, localizing disease within a body system based on the clinical exam, exploring the diagnostic techniques available for patient evaluation and using the problem oriented approach to making a diagnoses. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of taking an accurate history and performing a thorough physical examination and on comparative aspects of clinical examination.

Formerly: VSAC 371.4
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 410.1: Surgical Exercises

An introduction to the practical aspects of veterinary surgery prior to entering clinics. The student is expected to demonstrate solid basic surgical skills and peri-operative patient management. Multiple species are used to develop an understanding of the fundamental principles and technical skills associated with the management of surgical conditions.

Formerly: VSAC 400.2.
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 437.2: Small Animal Oncology

Will focus on the clinical presentation, diagnosis and staging, treatment options, and prognosis for common or important cancers in dogs and cats. The emphasis will be on establishing an appropriate diagnostic approach and developing knowledge necessary to recommend optimal cancer therapy for tumours that will be commonly encountered in veterinary practice. Laboratory sessions will allow the student to learn common diagnostic techniques, interpret advanced imaging of cancer and become familiar with common chemotherapeutic agents.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 439.2: Small Animal Medical Imaging

Comprised of a series of illustrated and interactive lectures that deal with medical imaging diagnosis of diseases of companion animals (dogs and cats). This will be a relatively comprehensive course in medical imaging, building on the concepts and examples to which the student was exposed in the core course (VSAC 362). A wider variety and range of case examples and diagnostic techniques will be presented, including special procedures and multiple imaging modalities being covered in greater depth. In addition to prepared material, current VTH case material will be included for illustration and discussion.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 441.1: Advanced Small Animal Anesthesiology

Further in-depth information is provided to enhance material presented in the core veterinary anesthesia program and is aimed at small animals alone. Expansion on dealing with sicker patients, new techniques and further information on monitoring equipment and patient assessment is provided.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 443.1: Small Animal Behavior

An introductory lecture course covering the common behavioral problems in dogs and cats. Normal behavior and training will be discussed but the emphasis will be on diagnostic evaluation of dogs and cats with common behavioral abnormalities. Behavior modification/training and medical and surgical treatments will be discussed for each disorder as will important aspects of client communication and education.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.


VSAC 445.2: Small Animal Clinical Nutrition

Will introduce the student to the principles of small animal clinical nutrition. They will explore the vital role that nutrition plays in wellness and in disease management. This is accomplished through a lecture series given by the instructor and invited industry representatives, assigned case studies and nutrition project. At the end of the elective, students will present their assigned cases and completed projects to the group.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.


VSAC 447.2: Small Animal Medicine Surgery Practice

A detailed case-based discussion of important or challenging diseases encountered in small animal practice that are either only superficially covered or not covered in other small animal courses. A detailed discussion of how to localize the disease to the appropriate body system, the diagnostic approach, interpretation of relevant lab data and diagnostic tests, and a more in-depth discussion of the different treatment options and prognosis for the medical or surgical disorder will be emphasized.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.
Note: Not offered in 2011-2012.


VSAC 449.2: Small Animal Clinical Orthopedics

A case-based approach to small animal orthopedics. Clinical cases will be used to practice lameness localization, illustrate abnormalities of the skeletal system of dogs and cats, and discuss principles of fracture management. In-hospital cases, videos and medical imaging will be used. Two laboratory sessions (on cadavers) will provide experience in fracture repair techniques as well as stifle arthrotomy and stabilization for cruciate deficiency.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.


VSAC 454.1: Companion Animal Ophthalmology

This course is aimed at providing clinical and surgical experience in companion animal ophthalmology. The student will take part in a surgery laboratory and will be introduced to clinical ophthalmology cases followed by group discussion on the pathophysiology, therapeutics, and management of ocular diseases in the canine and feline.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.


VSAC 455.1: Equine Ophthalmology

This course is aimed at providing a deeper understanding of ocular anatomy and physiology, as well as, diagnostics, pathophysiology, therapeutics, and management of equine ocular disease. The student will take part in didactic lectures and laboratories.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 456.1: Large Animal Medical Imaging

Will provide a comprehensive review of large animal (primarily equine) medical imaging. It will cover the basic equipment, radiography, positioning, and interpretation of radiographic images. If time allows a brief overview of nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, ultrasound and MRI may be provided.(Anatomical review is recommended to gain maximum benefit from this course).

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.
Prerequisite(s): VSAC 362


VSAC 457.1: Small Animal Dermatology

This is a case-based seminar course intended to familiarize students with the work-up and treatment of patients with selected skin and ear diseases. More in-depth discussion of treatment options is offered than in the core curriculum. The laboratory presents some common dermatologic conditions and their associated laboratory specimens. Advance preparation of case material is required.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 458.1: Veterinary Dentistry

A comprehensive course covering applied dental (oral cavity) anatomy, embryology, clinical signs, diagnostic features, treatment planning, principles, prognosis, and post-operative management (both short and long term) of oral diseases. The emphasis is on establishing and identifying the key criteria necessary for diagnosis, appropriate treatment planning and home care to ensure long-term success. The laboratory sessions will allow the students to learn principles, imaging techniques and interpretation, and the necessary technical skills required for the management and diagnosis of entry level surgical cases.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 1 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.
Note: Students with credit for VSAC 358.1 will not receive credit for this course.


VSAC 460.1: Exotic Animal Medicine and Surgery

An introduction to basic husbandry and common clinical presentations for common exotic pets. The species covered will include common avian pets, small mammals and reptiles primarily lizards and turtles. The emphasis will be on common conditions that are most commonly seen in general practice.

Formerly: Part of VTPA 445.2.
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 462.1: Veterinary Ophthalmology

A comprehensive course designed to provide the veterinary student with a basic knowledge and skill level pertaining to ocular disease in large and small animals. The course will cover topics such as ocular anatomy and physiology, the basic components of the ophthalmic examination, causes of red eye, vision and blindness, eyelid, third eyelid, and nasolacrimal disease, ocular neoplasia, and ophthalmic surgery techniques for general practice. Laboratories will cover ophthalmic examination in small animals (dogs and cats) and in the horse.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.


VSAC 463.5: Small Animal Medicine and Surgery I

A comprehensive course covering the clinical signs, diagnostic features, appropriate management, and prognosis of common and/or important small animal diseases affecting each body system. The emphasis is on establishing a solid diagnostic approach to cases and developing the clinical skills necessary to manage medical and surgical cases. Laboratory sessions will allow the student to learn and practice the common diagnostic techniques necessary to make a clinical diagnosis. This course will cover medical and surgical diseases of the respiratory, cardiac, gastrointestinal and nervous systems as well as surgery of the ears and reconstructive surgery of the skin.

Formerly: A combination of VSAC 453.2 and VSAC 473.3.
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.
Note: Students with credit for VSAC 453 or VSAC 473 will not receive credit for this course.


VSAC 465.4: Small Animal Medicine and Surgery 2

A comprehensive course covering the clinical signs, diagnostic features, appropriate management, and prognosis of common and/or important small animal diseases affecting each body system. The emphasis is on establishing a solid diagnostic approach to cases and developing the clinical skills necessary to manage medical and surgical cases. Laboratory sessions will allow the student to learn and practice the common diagnostic techniques necessary to make a clinical diagnosis. This course will cover medical and surgical diseases of the urogenital and endocrine systems, dermatology, oncology, immune-mediated disorders, orthopedics, emergency and critical care.

Formerly: A combination of VSAC 453.2 and VSAC 473.3.
Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.
Note: Students with credit for VSAC 453 or VSAC 473 will not receive credit for this course.


VSAC 475.1: Advanced Large Animal Anesthesiology

Further in-depth information is provided to enhance material presented in the core veterinary anesthesia program and is aimed at large animals alone. Expansion on dealing with sicker patients, new techniques and further information on monitoring equipment and patient assessment is provided relevant to large animals. Includes wildlife and game ranch immobilization techniques.

Restriction(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.


VSAC 477.1: Topics in Feline Internal Medicine Elective

This one credit course will allow students with an interest in feline medicine to expand on their current knowledge and skills. Emphasis will be placed on common feline health problems and on disorders that are not well covered in the current curriculum.

Prerequisite(s): Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.) Program. Enrolment will be limited to 12 students.


VSAC 478.2: Small Animal Clinical Behaviour

This course will train veterinary students in the diagnosis, management, treatment, and prevention of common behaviour problems in dogs, cats, and companion exotic animals. The course will begin with basic learning theory and principles of behaviour modification, and progress to its application to the treatment of specific conditions such as: aggression, anxiety disorders, repetitive behaviour disorders, and more. Clinical psychopharmacology will be covered. Lab time will allow students to develop hands-on force free training skills and gain experience with desensitization/counter-conditioning training techniques.

Restriction(s): Only open to students in the 3rd year of the D.V.M. program.
Note: This course will be an elective in year 3.


VSAC 800.6: Advanced Veterinary Internal Medicine

Deals with the pathophysiology of animal disease on a body system or organ basis. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of disease, the rational approach to diagnosis and therapy, and a review of common medical disorders affecting each organ system will be emphasized.

Note: This course will be offered every third year.


VSAC 802.3: Special Field Experiences

Total immersion in the area of study pertinent to the graduate student. A complete report is required and should come from a daily log of activities and be organized from a protocol set up by the student's advisory committee prior to going out on this experience.

Note:Requires 40 hours of practicum over a period of 2 or 4 weeks.


VSAC 803.6: Special Field Experiences

Total immersion in the area of study pertinent to the graduate student. A complete report is required and should come from a daily log of activities and be organized from a protocol set up by the student's advisory committee prior to going out on this experience.


VSAC 810.3: Veterinary Ocular Pathology

To develop a thorough understanding of ocular pathology in domestic animals and to understand ocular fixation and processing. These will be viewed in a live electronic classroom where the congenital, developmental, and acquired diseases of the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, orbit, eyelids, glaucoma, uvea, lens, vitreous, retina, optic nerve and ocular neoplasia are presented. Participants will be expected to describe the ocular findings on a variety of glass slides provided at random during the interactive session at the end of each week.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisites(s): DVM or equivalent.
Note: Pre-recorded lectures with slides are viewed online prior to weekly Internet Chat.


VSAC 820.4: Advanced Clinical Practice 1

This course provides advanced clinical training for graduate students enrolled in a SACS clinical residency and a Master of Science – Project degree. This course is designed for the first year of clinical training in such programs. The goal of this course is to assist in preparation for specialty board certification examinations, to facilitate development of critical thinking and problem solving skills, to foster a culture of academic inquiry based on clinical experiences, to instruct students in the critical review of veterinary literature and to develop the students’ presentation and discussion skills. In addition to clinical training received as a component of daily clinical practice, students receive formal instruction in the form of weekly journal club/textbook rounds/topic discussions. Specific expectations and course details for each specialty are outlined in the discipline-specific sections below. Grading is based on the graduate students’ performance of their clinical duties, their participation and performance in structured instructional sessions, and their progress towards becoming board-certified specialists.

Restriction(s): For students in the M.Sc. Project option in Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 821.4: Advanced Clinical Practice 2

This course provides advanced clinical training for graduate students enrolled in a SACS clinical residency and a Master of Science – Project degree. This course is designed for the second year of clinical training in such programs. The goal of this course is to assist in preparation for specialty board certification examinations, to facilitate development of critical thinking and problem solving skills, to foster a culture of academic inquiry based on clinical experiences, to instruct students in the critical review of veterinary literature and to develop the students’ presentation and discussion skills. In addition to clinical training received as a component of daily clinical practice, students receive formal instruction in the form of weekly journal club/textbook rounds/topic discussions. Specific expectations and course details for each specialty are outlined in the discipline-specific sections below. Grading is based on the graduate students’ performance of their clinical duties, their participation and performance in structured instructional sessions, and their progress towards becoming board-certified specialists.

Restriction(s): For students in the M.Sc. Project option in Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 822.4: Advanced Clinical Practice 3

This course provides advanced clinical training for graduate students enrolled in a SACS clinical residency and a Master of Science – Project degree. This course is designed for the third year of clinical training in such programs. The goal of this course is to assist in preparation for specialty board certification examinations, to facilitate development of critical thinking and problem solving skills, to foster a culture of academic inquiry based on clinical experiences, to instruct students in the critical review of veterinary literature and to develop the students’ presentation and discussion skills. In addition to clinical training received as a component of daily clinical practice, students receive formal instruction in the form of weekly journal club/textbook rounds/topic discussions. Specific expectations and course details for each specialty are outlined in the discipline-specific sections below. Grading is based on the graduate students’ performance of their clinical duties, their participation and performance in structured instructional sessions, and their progress towards becoming board-certified specialists.

Restriction(s): For students in the M.Sc. Project option in Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 825.3: Clinical Practice Specialty Internship I

The majority of instruction in this course is received as part of the daily interaction between graduate students and faculty working together on clinical cases. The intern spends the majority of time on clinical duty and students are expected to take responsibility for their education, to engage in self-directed learning and to seek out learning opportunities such as student rounds, and group discussions. Formal evaluation occurs every 3 months.

Restriction(s): Registration in a graduate program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 826.3: Clinical Practice Specialty Internship II

The majority of instruction in this course is received as part of the daily interaction between graduate students and faculty working together on clinical cases. The intern spends the majority of time on clinical duty and students are expected to take responsibility for their education, to engage in self-directed learning and to seek out learning opportunities such as student rounds, and group discussions. Formal evaluation occurs every 3 months.

Prerequisite(s): VSAC 825.


VSAC 828.3: Scientific Writing in Clinical Sciences

This course provides the student with the opportunity to complete a scientific manuscript suitable for publication. Students are supervised and advised by a faculty member throughout the process. The manuscript content may be research related or a clinical case report. Publication is not a requirement.

Restriction(s): Registration in a graduate program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 829.3: Professional Development Skills

This course provides instruction and training in qualities required for success as a clinical veterinarian. The course is recommended for clinical interns and residents of the WCVM. Modules are directed at improvement in oral communications, clinical teaching, scientific investigation, as well as development of self-care and personal wellness strategies. The course is designed to enhance the students’ professional and personal growth.

Weekly hours: 1 Lecture hours and 2 Practicum/Lab hours
Restriction(s): Registration in a graduate program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences.


VSAC 831.3: Clinical Practice Rotating Internship I

This course provides advanced clinical training for graduate students enrolled in a SACS clinical rotating internship with Certificate of Proficiency in Veterinary Medicine. The goal of this course is to assist in preparation for clinical practice or residency training, to facilitate development of critical thinking and problem solving skills, to foster a culture of academic inquiry based on clinical experiences, to instruct students in the critical review of veterinary literature and to develop the students’ presentation and discussion skills. In addition to clinical training received as a component of daily clinical practice, students receive formal instruction in the form of journal club/textbook rounds/topic discussions. Grading is based on the students’ performance of their clinical duties, their participation and performance in structured instructional sessions.

Restriction(s): Registration in a graduate program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Science


VSAC 832.3: Clinical Practice Rotating Internship II

This course provides advanced clinical training for graduate students enrolled in a SACS clinical rotating internship with Certificate of Proficiency in Veterinary Medicine. The goal of this course is to assist in preparation for clinical practice or residency training, to facilitate development of critical thinking and problem solving skills, to foster a culture of academic inquiry based on clinical experiences, to instruct students in the critical review of veterinary literature and to develop the students’ presentation and discussion skills. In addition to clinical training received as a component of daily clinical practice, students receive formal instruction in the form of journal club/textbook rounds/topic discussions. Grading is based on the students’ performance of their clinical duties, their participation and performance in structured instructional sessions.

Weekly hours: 3 Clinical Service hours
Prerequisite(s): Successful completion of VSAC 831.3; a D.V.M., or equivalent degree; and enrolment in a clinical rotating internship Certificate of Proficiency program.


VSAC 835.3: Small Animal Emergency Medicine

This course provides comprehensive instruction in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for a variety of emergency and critical care conditions as well as approach to common non-emergent conditions. This course is required for rotating small animal intern students at the WCVM.

Weekly hours: 5 Lecture hours
Restriction(s): Registration in a graduate program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Science.


VSAC 851.3: Inflammation and Repair

This advanced course provides the latest concepts and advances in cell and molecular mechanisms of inflammation and subsequent repair.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Note: Students with credit for VBMS 851 will not receive credit for this course.


VSAC 855.3: Physics of Radiation Oncology

Basic nuclear and atomic physics, production of x-rays, therapy radiation generators, interactions of iodizing radiation and charged particles with matter, measurement of ionizing radiation and dose, radiation protection and radiation therapy treatment planning.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours


VSAC 860.6: Advanced Soft Tissue Surgery

The anatomy, pathophysiology and surgery of the urinary, hemopoietic, endocrine and alimentary systems will be studied with respect to the basic principles of wound healing, shock, tissue response to trauma and biochemical parameters. Regular seminars based on current literature reviews will be required of the candidates.

Weekly hours: 2 Reading hours and 2 Seminar/Discussion hours


VSAC 870.6: Topics in Advanced Small Animal Internal Medicine

A discussion course covering the pathophysiology, diagnosis and therapy of selected important medical diseases in small animals. The emphasis will be on critical review of the current literature and discussion of the implications for management of small animal patients.Note: This course will be offered every 3rd year.

Weekly hours: 2.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): DVM degree.


VSAC 871.3: Advanced Large Animal Ophthalmology

Provides students with formal instruction in large animal (equine and food animal) ophthalmology. Students will learn to critically review classic and current literature on large animal ophthalmology topics. Students will acquire the ability to diagnose and discuss pathogenesis and design treatment plans for ophthalmic diseases of the horse and food and fiber producing species.

Weekly hours: 1 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): DVM or equivalent.


VSAC 872.3: Advanced Small Animal Ophthalmology

Provides an in-depth review of the current literature on canine and feline ophthalmic diseases. It will review the anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pathology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and medical and surgical therapy of diseases of the orbit, eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, uvea, lens, vitreous, retina, and optic nerve of both the dog and cat.

Weekly hours: 1 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): DVM or equivalent.


VSAC 873.6: Advanced Small Animal Clinical Sciences

Procedures in diagnostic and therapeutics as applied to the daily clinical case load.

Weekly hours: 20 Clinical Service hours
Prerequisite(s): Completion of DVM degree and registration in a M.Sc. program.


VSAC 874.6: Diagnostic Endoscopy in Small Animal Internal Medicine

A lecture and laboratory course that will familiarize students with the use of endoscopy as a diagnostic and research technique in small animal practice and will allow students hands-on practice sufficient to become proficient at a wide variety of endoscopic techniques.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Practicum/Lab hours
Prerequisite(s): DVM degree, enrolment in M.Sc. degree program in the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences.
Note: This course will be offered every third year.


VSAC 878.3: Small Animal Anesthesia

The course includes pharmacology of anesthetic and related drugs for small animal use, pathophysiology and anesthesia for procedures and disease states encountered in small animals. Anesthetic complications pertinent to small animal anesthesia and anesthetic equipment are included. The course includes pain physiology and prevention of pain in small animals.

Formerly: VSAC 868
Prerequisite(s): An undergraduate degree in veterinary medicine
Note: Students with credit for VSAC 868 will not receive credit for this course.


VSAC 898.3: Special Topics

To be defined and described each time it is offered. A thorough study of a special topic pertinent to the specific goals of the candidate and their program.

Weekly hours: 3 Reading hours


VSAC 899.6: Special Topics

To be defined and described each time it is offered. A thorough study of a special topic pertinent to the specific goals of the candidate and their program.

Weekly hours: 3 Reading hours


VSAC 980.0: Clinical Practice

Recognizes the many clinical activities of students in the program that may not be otherwise credited. Students are required to make satisfactory progress in this course to maintain full-time status in the program.


VSAC 990.N/A: Seminar

Discussion on research plans, protocols, and results by graduate students and faculty. Graduate students are required to attend and participate. Faculty and visiting scientists may also contribute to the course.


VSAC 992.0: Project

Students undertaking the project Master's degree must register in this course every term for the duration of the program.


VSAC 994.N/A: Research

Students writing a Master's thesis must register for this course.


VSAC 996.N/A: Research

Students writing a PhD thesis must register for this course.