This Course and Program Catalogue is effective from May 2021 to April 2022.

Not all courses described in the Course and Program Catalogue are offered each year. For a list of course offerings in 2021-2022, please consult the class search website.

The following conventions are used for course numbering:

  • 010-099 represent non-degree level courses
  • 100-699 represent undergraduate degree level courses
  • 700-999 represent graduate degree level courses

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154 Results

HIST 115.3: History Matters Ideas and Culture

Courses in this series examine how history has shaped—and been shaped by—human thought and culture. They might examine how the ideas of intellectuals, philosophers, writers, artists, or religious thinkers related to historical developments such as the spread of Christianity or Islam; the rise of modern secularism; or the various revolutionary movements of the modern world, whether political, economic, social, or artistic. They might examine elite, middle-brow, or popular culture for clues about how past societies responded to the realities of being human — birth, illness, death, the need to work, prepare food, raise children, establish communities, or make sense of one’s place in the universe. Examples of courses include: “An Introduction to Modern European Thought and Culture,” “Religious Reformations of the 16th Century,” “A Global History of Food and Eating.” All courses emphasize how historians have understood the relationship between ideas, culture, and historical change.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 125.3: History Matters Indigenous Colonial and Post Colonial Histories

Courses in this series examine the peoples and processes shaping indigenous societies, their imperial rulers, and the postcolonial experience. Topics will range from local case studies of First Nations to broader histories of European imperial expansion and national independence movements. The problems of identity, power and policy are at the forefront of these investigations, emphasizing the ways that communities accepted, resisted or transformed colonial agendas. Courses will also foreground variations among colonizing projects, and responses to them, in different eras. Examples of course foci include Britain and British Empires since Caesar, the Arab Spring, the scramble for Africa, aboriginal activism in Canada, USA, and Australia, a global history of slavery, perspectives on community and sovereignty in North America, and colonial Latin America. All courses will emphasize how historians have understood different practices of colonization and their relationship to political, economic and social change.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention:A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the special topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 135.3: History Matters Gender Sex and Society

Courses in this series examine how histories of gender, sex and society have interacted and evolved throughout time. We will explore how, in various societies, social, cultural, political, legal, and medical views of gender and sexualities have both regulated gender and sexual norms and acted as levers of change. Topics include national and transnational histories of sexualities, gender and social change (in the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia). Possible areas of exploration include: media and cultural depictions of masculinity and femininity; medical, legal, cultural, and theoretical discourses on gender and sexuality; race, class, ethnicity, and indigeneity; gendered performance and geographies of sexual possibilities; demographic continuities and change; artistic representations of sexuality and gender; and, finally, histories of the family, of labour, of migration, as well as of activism, resistance, and repression as they intersect with the history of gender and sexuality.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention:A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the special topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 145.3: History Matters War Violence and Politics

Courses in this series examine the history of war and violence, cutting across periods and historical specializations. Areas of exploration may include: the factors that have shaped human conflict (social, cultural, political, and religious); specific cases, campaigns or systems of conflict (including interpersonal, intergroup, and international violence); wars hot and cold; historic forms of oppression and injustice, and their relationship to conflict; and the history of resistance to interpersonal, intergroup and systemic violence including the history of peace and reconciliation and non-violent movements.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the special topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 155.3: History Matters Science and Environment

Courses in this series examine the history and conceptualization of science, the cosmos, or the environment and their relationships to society and culture. The term science is understood broadly to include not only modern science but pre-modern and non-western approaches to understanding and manipulating the natural world. Historians focus on the human history of the environment, with a particular attention to the ever-changing relationship between societies and their ecosystems. Possible areas of exploration might include: the scientific revolution; North-American environmental history; global commodities, imperialism and the environment; and science, magic, and rationality. With reference to historical examples, these courses will seek to nuance concepts such as scientific rationality, and ‘nature’ and also to examine broad conventional historical narratives such as ‘disenchantment’, ‘enlightenment’, ‘industrialization’ or ‘globalization’.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 165.3: History Matters Health and Society

Courses in this series examine how historians have understood the complex relationship between health, society, and historical change. Health is used as a vehicle for understanding political, social and cultural change throughout history. Topics range from antiquity and the birth of Galenic healing through western and non-western traditions that have guided our understandings of bodies, pain, gender, and power and into the modern era of health and medicine with the rise of professional medicine, ethics, experimentation and institutionalized healing. Health is widely defined to capture experiences that fall outside the traditional doctor-patient relationship, and to explore issues including: mental health; the politics of healthcare; health economies; the health professions; disease’s power to shape human history. These courses rely on a variety of sources: food and nutrition, to medical treatises, patient narratives, activist and anti-medical establishment texts, artwork, and institutional reports, and a rich historical tradition of examining health and medicine and its influence on human history. Possible areas of exploration include: madness; the body; pain; health and disease.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 175.3: History Matters Identities and Communities in Transition

Courses in this series examine the complexity of identity and the ever-changing and complicated nature of community through an exploration of history. Identities are never ‘fixed’ or constructed in isolation; they are always both ‘invented’ and the result of historical change. Communities are similarly complex: never autonomous, always shaped by history and the interplay between internal dynamics and relationships with forces outside of the community. All courses in this series are linked through their exploration of the history of identities and communities but they explore that history in different places and times. Some courses will take a micro-level view, exploring the history of identity in one particular location or community over time and relating those changes to broader perspectives; others will look at the way broad historical forces shaped identities. Possible areas of exploration may include: historical roots and myths surrounding so called "tribalism" in Africa and the contemporary impacts of this discourse; the spread nationalism in the 18th and 19th centuries and the rise of the modern nation-state; how such groups as Kurds have been able to maintain a distinct identity over time; Quebec’s status as a separate ‘nation’ in Canada.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention:A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 185.3: History Matters Conflict Law Politics and the State

Courses in this series examine the complex relationship between conflict, law, politics, and state power, from medieval times to the Cold War. Possible areas of exploration may include: war, political systems, feuds, violence, crime, injustice, vengeance, weapons, arms races, environmental degradation, treaties, law, and security.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: This course may be offered more than once per term, with a different topic for each offering. To see all of the specific topic(s), click on the CRN for each lecture section in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 193.3: History Matters Topics in Canadian History

Courses offered under this heading examine focused topics in Canadian History. These courses explore historical issues, events, or trends of importance in Canadian history. The courses are designed to provide a basic understanding of the historical narrative from multiple perspectives, to explore how and why such narratives have been constructed the way they have been, and—through such explorations—to introduce students to ‘thinking historically’. Lectures will explore historical narratives, their genesis, and the sources used to produce such narratives. Seminars will dig deeper into the tools and methodologies used by historians, provide instruction and practice in critical thinking and clear expression.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: To see which specific topic(s) will be offered each term, click on the CRN for each lecture in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 194.3: History Matters Topics in European History

Courses offered under this heading examine focused topics in European History. These courses explore historical issues, events, or trends of importance in European history. The courses are designed to provide a basic understanding of the historical narrative from multiple perspectives, to explore how and why such narratives have been constructed the way they have been, and—through such explorations—to introduce students to ‘thinking historically’. Lectures will explore historical narratives, their genesis, and the sources used to produce such narratives. Seminars will dig deeper into the tools and methodologies used by historians, provide instruction and practice in critical thinking and clear expression.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students may not take this course more than once for credit, even if the specific topic is different.
Note: To see which specific topic(s) will be offered each term, click on the CRN for each lecture in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 195.3: History Matters Indigenous Perspectives on Canadian History

This course addresses and challenges settler-colonialism from Indigenous perspectives. It examines Indigenous societies, with specific focus on Plains communities in what became Canada. We focus on a broad historical span from the distant past to the early twentieth century. Drawing on Indigenous voices and perspectives, the course focuses on how historic and ongoing events and structures have displaced Indigenous peoples from their lands, forced change and re-enforced continuity for Indigenous peoples, while simultaneously highlighting the way Indigenous peoples have shaped those events and structures.

Attention: A maximum of nine credit units of 100-level HIST may be taken for credit. Only six of these credit units may count toward a History major or minor. The remaining three credit units will count as a junior elective in Requirement 5.
Note: Students who take one version of this course may not take a second version of it. To see which specific topic(s) will be offered each term, click on the CRN for each lecture in the Class Search to see the specific description for that class.


HIST 202.3: Formation of Europe 300 to 1000

A history of the West from the Christianization of the Roman Empire in the fourth century to the foundation of the Holy Roman Empire in the tenth century. Themes include: the survival of Roman, monasticism and the western Church, the barbarian kingdoms, the Carolingian Renaissance, and the rise of feudalism.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.


HIST 203.3: Ancient Greece Politics Society and Culture

This course surveys the political, cultural and social history of ancient Greece from the Bronze Age (ca. 3000 BCE) to the beginnings of Roman influence in the Greek world in the late Hellenistic period (ca 200 BCE).

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 30 credit units of University courses.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 200.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 204.3: Animals in the Greek and Roman World

This course introduces students to the wide variety of ways that animals shaped the lives and thoughts of the ancient Greeks and Romans. We’ll examine a diverse range of primary sources to explore the full spectrum of human-animal encounters. Special attention will be given to the social dimensions of how people interacted with animals in numerous areas of life, including at home, in social settings and at war. We'll also examine how animals were cared for, from animal husbandry to the beginnings of veterinary medicine. We'll analyze the myriad roles that animals played in classical literature to shed light on expectations and ideals for human life. We’ll see that some viewed them as mere tools for human use, while others viewed them as rational, moral beings deserving of just treatment. Ultimately, we'll see that it is only by examining society’s relationship with animals that we can understand the human experience in the Greco-Roman world.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 205.3: Europe and World in High Middle Ages 1000 to 1300

Cluny and the Gregorian reform; the rise of feudal monarchy; Byzantium, Islam and the Crusades; twelfth century renaissance; universities and scholasticism; new forms of religious life; the peasantry; medieval women; the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy; castles and cathedrals; feudal monarchies.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 212 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 206.3: History of China from Prehistory to 1900

This course introduces Chinese civilization within an historical perspective, from prehistory to the beginning of the 20th century. Using written records, archaeological relics and works of art in order to cover over three thousand years and a vast geographical area. We will focus on several key topics; including important issues and historical moments in time. These include, but are not limited to: technology (e.g., paper, printing), governance (so-called Confucians and the Classics), religion (Buddhism, Daoism, Islam, etc.), systems of thought, food, language, daily life, social forms, identity, gender, the state, art, literature, architecture, and historiography. Some of the questions we will ask include: Where can we find connections or discontinuities? How can—and cannot—textual and archaeological sources help us understand people and their daily lives? How have Chinese thinkers, leaders, religious professionals, and ordinary people understood the past and used it to address pressing concerns even today? Part of your task as a student is to pay attention to recurring themes and topics presented in the readings and lectures, and to draw comparisons and ask your own.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University level courses.


HIST 208.3: The Roman Republic Growth of a Mediterranean State 753 to 27 BCE

This course examines the early history of ancient Rome and its domination of the ancient Mediterranean world, chronologically spanning the foundation of Rome in 753 BCE to the end of the Republic at the Battle of Actium in 30BCE. Two overarching questions will shape our investigation: what internal and external factors allowed Rome to extend its empire first over Italy and then over the Mediterranean basin? Why did the government of Rome by the SPQR - the senate and people of Rome – the system called the Republic- ultimately fail and fall to civil war and a monarchy established by Julius Caesar and his successors? Seeking answers to these questions will entail the exploration not only of events and actors in Roman history but the underlying political and social factors that shaped Rome: Rome’s political system; its ideas about family; aristocratic competition; economy, agriculture and slavery; the roman army and society; the city of Rome and urban violence; the nature of roman imperialism.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 201.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 209.3: The Roman Empire Politics Society and Culture Augustus to Constantine

This course examines Rome under the rule of emperors, its chronological frame extending from circa 27 BCE to the time of Constantine in the 4th c CE. The first part of the course focuses on the establishment of monarchy – the rule of emperors - in Rome during the age of Augustus and the Julio-Claudians, since many features of imperial rule were fixed in this time, such as the emperor’s relations with the senate, the role of the members of the imperial household in the management of power, the nature of imperial patronage, and the diffusion of the imperial image. We will then turn to examine the effects of empire on the ruled at Rome and in the provinces, focusing on issues such Roman military and administrative presence in the provinces, economic exploitation, and the diffusion of Roman style spectacles and religious cult.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 201.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 211.3: Martyrs Mystics and Madmen Making the Medieval Saint

In the world of late antiquity, the veneration of saints became a focus of the religious and cultural life of Christian communities. But what is it to be a saint? Many were martyrs and miracle workers, but we also find holy madmen, transvestites, prostitutes. In this class we explore the diverse representations of sanctity in the hagiographical tradition of the Middle Ages, addressing both the literary and the historical questions raised therein. We ask how Christian communities in the later Roman Empire conceived of sanctity. We address questions of gender and empire, ritual and the body, memory and the use of the past. We explore the array of evidence for the cult of the saints—both literary and material—first in an attempt to understand the complex of practices and beliefs that accompany its emergence, but also to recognize more broadly what this institution can tell us about the Mediterranean world of late antiquity and Medieval Europe.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level; or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 212.3: History Society and Culture in Paris The City of Light

Students in this intensive and bilingual experiential-learning course learn about the history of Paris--and of France--by exploring some of the city's most significant monuments, buildings, museums, gardens, and neighborhoods. Site visits include Notre Dame cathedral and the historic Ile de la Cité where the city was born; the Palace of Versailles; the Place de la Bastille and its environs; the "Grands Boulevards" with their nineteenth-century shopping arcades, storied department stores, and nearby Opéra Garnier; Montmartre and the Sacré-Coeur basilica; as well as places linked to the German occupation during WW2, to Parisian intellectual and cultural life, and to the history of immigrant, working-class, and minority groups in the city or suburbs.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): FREN 125 or 3 credit units 100-Level HIST or permission of the instructor.
Note:Costs in addition to tuition will apply to this course. Please contact the college for more details.


HIST 214.3: History in Film

A survey of various film portrayals of historical individuals and culture. Popular ideas about the past are largely a creation of fiction writers' and film directors' depictions of the past. This course focuses on historical figures and their representation in primary sources, literature, and film. In this context, students consider several broad themes, including historicity and authenticity, contemporary appropriations of past ideals or ideologies. Through the study of primary source texts and related films, the student will explore the many interpretations of past culture and the ways in which historical ideas, figures and events have been used as commentaries on modern issues.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 217.3: The Later Roman Empire Crisis and Continuity from Constantine to Justinian

In this course meet the Late Roman Empire as it transitions from the Classical Era into “Late Antiquity.” We begin with the Reforms of Diocletian in response to the near fatal “crisis of the third century.” We study the Roman Empire shifting its center of balance from Italy and the West to the urbanized and Greek speaking East. With the conversion of Constantine and the coming of Imperial Christianity the basic structures of Byzantine civilization arise. The reign of Justinian and Theodora represent the acme of early Byzantium with the codification of the Roman Law, the building of Hagia Sophia and Justinian’s gamble on the re-conquest of the lost provinces of the former western Roman Empire.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 215.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 218.3: Byzantium and the World 565 to 1453

Despite the collapse of the former western Roman Empire, the Eastern Roman (or “Byzantine” Empire) weathers fresh challenges presented by the rise of new peoples. These include the Slavs, Bulgars, Arabs united in Islam, Turks, and Normans as well as a resurgent Latin West under the leadership of the Pope. While medieval Byzantium begins to collapse under the pressure of its enemies, its vibrant culture, both in its religious expression as “Orthodoxy” and its secular expression as “Hellenism,” make the later Byzantine Empire a significant cultural and intellectual influence on the world from Orthodox Russia to the revival of Classical Studies in the Italian Renaissance.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 215.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 219.3: Witches Heretics and Stargazers The Age of the Reformation

Western Christendom, once unified under a single church, was fractured permanently in the sixteenth century giving rise to religious wars and the widespread action against heresy. In the same period, the earth centred model of the universe was demonstrated to be false and new scientific epistemologies emerged. Seemingly in contradiction to these scientific developments, this was also the main period of witch trials. While Europe remained profoundly misogynist and hetero-normative, we also find startling cases of feminist ideas, radical gender expression, and queer sexualities. Focussing on original texts, this course explores the relationship of tradition and dissent, rebellion and authority in this tumultuous period.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 100-level HIST; or 30 credit units of university studies; or by permission of the instructor.


HIST 221.3: Sub Roman Anglo Saxon and Viking Britain 400 to 1066

This course examines the period from the departure of the Romans through to the coming of the Normans. It was an epoch that saw the gradual conversion of the peoples of the British Isles to Christianity and (with the exception of Ireland) the redrawing of the ethnic and political map of the islands. The following three centuries from 800 to 1100 A.D., from the Vikings incursions of the ninth century through to the Norman Conquest of England were a highly formative period in the history of the Isles, witnessing the emergence of England and Scotland as identifiable political entities.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 213.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 222.3: Medieval England 1000 to 1500

Beginning in the long twelfth century with the Norman Conquest of England, through to the early fifteenth century, this course provides a social and cultural history of England in the medieval period. Although a temporal overview will be provided in the first lectures of each section, the course will focus on themes rather than an events-based narrative. Examining in detail the issues of community and social binds, economic change, population change, disease, political structures, ecclesiastical structure and political upheaval, students will gain a foundational understanding of the process of conquest, the expansion of art and of a written culture, the impact of warfare; also the relationships between lords and labourers; development of trade and urbanization, the spread of written culture, the development of the common law and parliament.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s):3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 213.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 223.3: Age of the Renaissance

This course introduces the student to world of Western Europe in the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. It covers the major developments in the period: the Renaissance and Reformation, the development of centralized monarchies, and the start of the Scientific Revolution. In addition, it examines topics such as magic and witchcraft and their relationship to these larger events or movements.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University
Note:Students with credit for HIST 225 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 224.3: Early Modern Europe 1555 to 1660

Europe from the Peace of Augsburg to the Restoration. Evolution and instability of political systems, socioeconomic structures, and religious and intellectual assumptions. The shaping of modern structures and institutions.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 226.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 232.3: Europe's Long Eighteenth Century 1660-1789

From European state-building to empire-building. Intellectual shifts, including the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Socio-economic changes, such as urbanization, agriculture and global trade. The growing demands for political equality and the start of the French Revolution.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 226.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 233.3: War and Medicine from Paracelsus to Penicillin

The practice of warfare has consistently demanded the skills, resources and labour of healers. This course aims to explore some of the key aspects of the relationship between medicine and warfare in Europe and North America since 1500. Particular attention is paid to the role of medicine in the rise of modern forms of warfare, especially the contribution that medicine played in both disciplining bodies and maintaining the morale of armed forces personnel. The course’s key themes situate military-medical developments within historical debates about the processes of modernization, state formation, and the global pre-eminence of European empires to 1945. The course also explores the connections between war and medical innovation, as well as between warfare and welfare, in the early modern and modern eras. As we go about addressing these and other questions, students will work through a series of assignments designed not only to help them master the course material, but to develop and enhance their academic and lifetime skills of writing, research, analysis, and discussion.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level; or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 234.3: Europe from 1870 to 1939 War Politics and Culture in Modern Mass Society

This course surveys major developments in European history between 1870 and the outbreak of the Second World War. Topics covered include the geopolitical, intellectual, cultural, and other legacies of the late nineteenth century; the origins and outcomes of the First World War; the Russian Revolution and the rise of communism; artistic and cultural movements of the interwar years; the emergence and spread of fascism; the Great Depression; Nazi Germany; the Spanish Civil War; and the diplomatic crises of the late 1930s.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 229.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 235.3: Europe since 1939 From the Second World War to the Creation of the European Union and Beyond

This course surveys major developments in European history since 1939. Topics covered include the Second World War and the Holocaust; postwar reconstruction; the Cold War; Europe and the colonial world; stages in the formation of the European Union; the social movements of the 1960s (the student and women’s movements, environmentalism; the sexual revolution); the economic challenges of the 1970s and 80s; the fall of communism in Eastern Europe; and the issues and challenges facing contemporary European society.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 229.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 237.3: History of Infectious Diseases and Vaccines

This course introduces students to the history of infectious disease and the various attempts to manage disease outbreaks over time. It uses interdisciplinary perspectives to engage students in a research-intensive course about disease management, science communication, ethical considerations, and above all, historical thinking about health and public policy. The course is jointly taught by faculty in History and in Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology. Grounding this course in historical approaches, History instructors lead students through a history of infection disease in Canada and in the Global South to illustrate the different kinds of ethical and resource-based concerns that have shaped disease narratives over time. Faculty from BMI provide scientific information about infectious diseases and vaccines, and we jointly provide material about science communication and how public information about diseases has changed over time.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 238.3: Modern Ukraine and Russian Ukrainian Conflict

This course focuses on the formation of the modern Ukrainian nation with special emphasis on its historical relations with Russia and its recent prominence in international politics. Beginning with the medieval state of Kyivan Rus′, the Cossack past and the Ukrainian movement within the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, the course will focus on the events of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. It will examine such major themes as the origins of modern Ukrainian nationalism, the Great Famine of 1932–33, WWII in Ukraine, and Ukrainian independence. We will pay special attention to two recent popular revolutions in Ukraine and the ensuing Russian-Ukrainian conflict, which will be examined in the wider historical context of imperial disintegration.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 239.3: The Age of Revolutions in the Atlantic World

This course examines three of the Atlantic World’s influential revolutions – the American, French, and Haitian Revolution. Students will examine both intellectual traditions and on the ground realities, from the emergence of Lockean liberalism, the rights of man, and republicanism to the violence and the horrors war, slavery, and revolutionary terror. In doing so we will begin to unpack deeply entrenched national myths and develop a deeper understanding of the lasting legacies of the Age of Revolutions in the Atlantic World.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 240.3: Early Modern Britain and its Empire More than Conquerors

This course is an introduction to the history of Britain and Ireland, the British Empire and the early modern period. The course will largely attend to the major political, religious and economic transformations that were the hallmarks of early modernity and the first British Empire. Along the way, we will consider important aspects of everyday life for ordinary people, some of which endured throughout the period. Suitable for students interested in violence, sex, religious conflict, and outrageous clothes.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 242 or HIST 246 will not receive credit for this course.


HIST 241.3: Anglobalization Britain and its Empires 1700 to 2000

The story of how Britain gained the world’s biggest ever empire over the course of two and half centuries (Anglobalization) and then lost almost all of it over two generations is a remarkable episode in human history, raising many complex and vital questions. This course will introduce students to the ways historians have tried to answer these questions, and the controversies they sparked then and now. Suitable for students curious about how a traditional society underwent major economic and social transformations while avoiding a political revolution and without losing its sense of humour.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 246 will not receive credit for this course.


HIST 243.3: The Reverberations of the Industrial Revolution 1750 to today

Was there an Industrial Revolution? This seems like an odd question given the importance of industrialization in the modern world, but when historians searched the evidence many concluded the Industrial Revolution was “neither very industrial nor very revolutionary”. We’ll work to understand why industrialization started in Britain and debate whether it needs to be renamed. We will then explore the economic, social, political and environmental consequences of industrialization in England, Scotland and Wales; including how urbanization and industrialization changed social and gender relations, creating new demands for democratic reform, unionization and women's rights. We will look at the global history of industrialization, from the cotton plantations, wheat fields, sheep stations, palm groves and copper mines that supplied raw materials to British factories, to the spread of industrial economies to Germany, North America, Japan and China. While exploring these interconnected histories, we will learn about different methods and approaches to history such as economic, social, political and environmental history. The history of the first modern industrial society; urbanization, democratization and class conflict; the rise of the labour movement, the triumph of middle-class values, the decline of the aristocracy; the changing religious and moral climate; the domestic consequences of world power; the social and economic impact of two world wars, the loss of world power.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 247.3: Imperial Russia 1689 - 1917

This course examines the history of the Russian Empire from its origins to the fall of the monarchy in 1917. Understanding Imperial Russia is particularly important today, as Russia and the other former Soviet republics are searching for new political and social forms in the wake of communism’s collapse and are looking to the pre-revolutionary past as a source of political inspiration and national identity. The Russian tradition, from Peter I to Nicholas II, has become a hotly debated field of current political discourse both in Russia and in the West. A central question is whether the Russian tradition was a historical dead end, or a promise cut short by revolutionary violence? In considering this question, topics involving politics, social history, culture, gender, religion, and ethnicity will be discussed.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 248.3: The Soviet Union

This course will explore the rise, evolution and demise of the Soviet Union. Topics such as the revolutionary upheaval of 1917, socialist renewal under NEP, Stalinism, the Soviet Union’s participation in WWII, the Cold War, Khrushchev's Thaw, ‘Stagnation’ and detente, Gorbachev’s reforms, and Soviet collapse will be examined through a variety of sources and methodologies. As a broad survey, the course will not dwell on particular eras or personalities, but rather place these within context. The course will conclude with an assessment of the Soviet legacy.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 254.3: The Age of Total Wars in 20th Century Europe

This class is focused on the extensive analysis of the World Wars. We will learn, in particular, about life in the trenches during WW1, the role of women in the “home front,” and the encounters between Europeans and colonial troops during the Great War. Moreover, we will read about Western and Eastern Fronts during WW2, and the war in the Pacific. Finally, we will focus our attention on race and gender dynamics during the Second World War, and on the Holocaust. This course will give you the opportunity of studying the World Wars, their premises, and their consequences from different historiographical perspectives and methodological angles.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University courses.


HIST 255.3: Canadian History from the Pre Contact Period to 1867

This course is an introduction to the history of Canada up until Confederation in 1867. The lectures will examine major events, issues, and themes in pre-Confederation history, with a specific focus on key historical debates and our understandings of Canada's colonial past. A few of the topics for this course include native-newcomer relations, European empires and conquest, colonial cultures, and rebellion and nationhood.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note:Students who have received credit for HIST 151.3 may not take HIST 255.3 for credit.


HIST 256.3: Post Confederation Canada 1867 to the Present

This course is an introductory Canadian history lecture course that covers Canadian history from 1867, the year of Confederation, to the present day. It combines political, social, cultural and gender history approaches to the study of Canada' past. This course surveys the development of the Canadian nation-state and its people. Topics include: First Nations people; federal politics; society and gender; war; activism; regional politics and economy and Canadian culture.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of University courses
Note:Students with credit in HIST 152.3 may not take this class for credit.


HIST 257.3: The Canadian Prairie to 1905

A study of Rupert's Land and the North-West to the early 20th century, including early contact between European and Aboriginal societies, the development, expansion, and decline of the fur trade, early western communities, environmental changes, Canadian expansionism and national development policies, regional responses, and developments leading to province-hood.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 258.3: The Canadian Prairies since 1905

An examination of the three prairie provinces, including the impact of the two World Wars and the Depression, protest movements and parties, urban growth and the modernization of rural life, environmental disasters and new resource developments, Aboriginal renewal, and western alienation.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 259.3: Canadian Women from Pre Contact Period to 1918

Examines the history of Canadian women from the pre-contact period until the end of World War I, emphasizing the complexities of women's experiences and the interplay of such factors as gender, class, race and ethnicity. Employs chronological and thematic approaches while also referring to historical debates and historiographical developments.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 260.3: Canadian Women History from 1919 to Present

Examines the history of Canadian women from the end of World War I to the present, emphasizing the complexities of women's experiences and the interplay of such factors as gender, class, race and ethnicity. Employs chronological and thematic approaches while also referring to historical debates and historiographical developments.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 266.3: History Wars Issues in Native Newcomer Relations

The relationships between indigenous people and newcomers remain contentious and misunderstood -- they are the fodder of history wars. This course explores the historical antecedents of these tensions in both Canada and the USA. Aboriginal identity, Native rights, spirituality, residential school abuse cases, fisheries, self-government, casinos, research ethics, oral history.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 267.3: African History From Hominids to 1900

Africa is often portrayed as the “dark continent”, a place of poverty, disease and war. Yet, this is far from the historical reality. This course will show that Africa and Africans had an important role to play in global history. We begin with the journey of the first hominids out of Africa and then look at the centralization of power and building of powerful Iron Age trading kingdoms. The course also looks at the social, cultural and religious beliefs of African people and later investigate the development of new pluralistic societies which integrated newcomers and local people into global trading networks. We then consider one of the central debates of Southern African history, the Mfecane: the period in which Shaka waged wars across the Southern African interior and the “empty land myth”. We end by looking at the slave trade both internally and the trading of slaves out of Africa.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 245.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 268.3: African History 1900 until Yesterday

Africa is often portrayed as the “dark continent”, yet this is far from the historical reality. This course will show that Africa and Africans played a central role in global history. This course begins with a consideration of the process of colonization, how colonists carved up Africa with very little consideration for the people or geography. This process fundamentally shaped the political, social and economic developments during this era. We will then look at the major migration from the rural to the urban areas in the mid-20th Century and how this shaped the capitalist economy. Finally the course looks at the liberation and post-liberation period, considering the experiences of soldiers, exiles and refugees. In the final weeks, we will look at the creation of the African Diaspora and the processes of ‘development’ which have seen a renewed interest in Africa. We will ask to what extent this new interest might be considered neo-colonialism.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 245.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 272.3: Human Rights in History

Using a field trip to Canadian Museum for Human Rights (CMHR) in Winnipeg as their point of departure, students in this experiential learning course examine human rights as a product of history, the result of the changing moral frameworks that shape how people define and grapple with injustice in the world. Where did the concept of human rights come from? Why have demands for justice in the modern world so often been articulated as matters of human rights? How has the meaning of human rights changed over time? Finally, how does the CMHR present the history of human rights (or their violation), and in what ways do the museum’s choices influence the public’s understanding of that history? By engaging our senses as well as our critical faculties, the encounter with the museum will heighten our interest in the subject and facilitate transformative learning.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 30 credit units of university-level courses or 3 cu of HIST at the 100-level
Note: The requirements of this course include a 3-day trip to Winnipeg. The cost of this travel, less any funding the instructor is able to arrange, is in addition to the tuition fees for the course. Students with credit for HIST 298.3: Human Rights in History may not take this course for credit. Students with credit for HIST 298.3 (Human Rights in History) may not take this class for credit.


HIST 273.3: History of Ancient Medicine

This course will introduce students to the full spectrum of Greco-Roman medical practices, from the healing rituals of the cult of Asclepius to the rational medicine of Hippocrates and Galen. Special attention will be given to the social dimension of ancient medicine, including medical ethics, the social status of doctors and their patients, and the role of women, both as patients, whose anatomical differences from men were thought to necessitate an entirely separate branch of medicine (i.e. gynecology), and as midwives, an important but often overlooked group of medical practitioners. After tracing the development of ancient medicine from the earliest evidence for Greek concepts of health and disease through to the flourishing of Greek medicine at the height of the Roman Empire, this course will conclude by examining the continuing influence of Greco-Roman medicine throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level; or 30 credit units of university level courses.


HIST 274.3: A History of the United States to 1865

This lecture course examines many of the significant social, economic, environmental, political, diplomatic and military developments in American history, from the pre-colonial period to 1865. It focusses on several important historical topics including: Native American cultures; the European background of American settlement; the establishment of colonies and development of an American nationality; the American Revolution; the formation of the Union; and the struggle to maintain it leading up to the Civil War.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 270.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 275.3: History of the United States after 1865

This lecture course examines many of the significant social, economic, environmental, political, diplomatic and military developments in American history, from 1865 to the present. It focusses on several important historical topics including: Reconstruction; westward expansion; industrialization and urbanization; imperialism and the rise to global power; World War I, the Great Depression, and World War II; the Civil Rights Movement and the counterculture; the Cold War and its aftermath.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level or 30 credit units of university level courses.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 270.6 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 279.3: The Middle East in the 20th Century

This course surveys the history of the Middle East during the long 20th century. Topics covered include the so-called demise of the Ottoman empire; republicanism and constitutional reform; modernization and westernization; the nation-state system and the many shades of nationalisms; women, gender, sexuality; imperial culture, decolonization, and post colonialism; Zionism and the creation of Israel; oil and the environment; political Islam and the Iranian revolution of 1979; 9/11 and the Global War on Terror; and the U.S. occupation of Iraq.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-Level or 30 credit units of University


HIST 282.3: Behind the News

This course will explore the history and historical debates behind contemporary events ‘in the news’. Each course analyzes a specific set of linked contemporary events and provides students with lectures and reading to help them make sense of these events from a historical perspective. Through such an exploration each version of the course encourages students to understand the various ways contemporary events can and should be understood.

Weekly hours: 2 Lecture hours and 1 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or permission of the department
Note:Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 283.3: Society and Rise of Science from the Renaissance to Industrial Revolution

A study of the development of science in the context of social, political and intellectual change between the Renaissance and the end of the l8th century. Special attention will be paid to the Copernican Revolution, renaissance technology, the tension between science and religion, and the early Industrial Revolution.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level, or 3 credit units of any natural science, or 30 credit units of University.


HIST 284.3: Society and Rise of Science from the Industrial Revolution to 20th Century

A study of the development of science and its interaction with social, political and intellectual change from the Industrial Revolution to the present. The relationship between science and technology in the Industrial Revolution, the transition from alchemy to chemistry, the Darwinian achievement, and the impact of science on the modern world.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level, or 3 credit units of any natural science, or 30 credit units of University.


HIST 286.3: Modern China from the Qing Dynasty to the Present

We consider how the different expansions and decline of the Qing Empire affected the movement of people, as well as the Qing’s dramatic clash with European Imperialism. We explore the socio-political structures and conception of imperial power during the Qing and patterns of semi-colonialism. Simultaneously we pay attention to the formation of influential social movements in China such as nationalist, Marxist and feminist movements. Students familiarize themselves with Chinese intellectuals at the turn of the century and during the New Culture Movement, and in particular with the woman problem. We examine Maoist China, both in its particularities but also embedded in a global context, by considering the global relationship between revolution and modernization in China. We take into account global forces such as Japanese, European Imperialism, Soviet Socialism that have shaped Chinese history, but also the meaning of culture during the Cultural Revolution and post-Mao politics and social life.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units of HIST at 100 level or 30 credit units of University.


HIST 290.3: Topics in Environmental History

Explores various topics in environmental history. The focus of the course in any academic term will vary. Students may take more than one section of HIST 290 for credit, provided the subject matter of each course taken differs substantially. Topics covered might be as broad as an environmental history of the world or as specific as nuclear testing and environmental destruction. Students are encouraged to check with the department for more information.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of University.
Note:Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 292.3: The Menace of Progress I Enlightenment Colonialism Dispossession

This course explores the process of, reasons for, and arguments about European colonialism from the 16th to the mid-20th centuries. It links European colonialism to changes in Europe itself, most especially ideas of progress linked to the Enlightenment and capitalist relations of production. The dispossession of marginalized populations in Europe, and the rationales used for such dispossession, are compared to rationales for colonialism and colonial dispossession. The violence of colonial dispossession in various locales in Latin America, Africa and Asia, and heightened racism are explored as is the trend towards a focus on colonial 'development' in the 20th century.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of University.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 289.6 may not take this course for credit. This course is typically offered every other year.


HIST 293.3: The Menace of Progress II The Promise and Failure of Development

This course examines the promise and ultimate failure of development. Stemming from the dismantling of colonial empires and the creation of an infrastructure to manage the international economy near the end of Second World War, 'development' promised to end or dramatically reduce poverty around the world. Development policies ultimately failed to meet those goals and were replaced by neo- liberalism and arguments about good governance by the end of the 20th century. This course explores the idea of development and suggests the difficulties encountered in living up to its promises lie in its basic premises; reliant as they are on the continued desire to impose specific types of economic and social relations around the world---the continuation of what might be called the Menace of Progress. The course explores this history through an examination of post-independent economic policy in Africa, Asia and Latin America and an exploration of the history behind various ideas important to the concept of development: poverty, population and the expanded role of the market.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100-level or 30 credit units of University.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 289.6 may not take this course for credit. This course is typically offered every other year.


HIST 294.3: International and Global History

This course introduces students to the history of 20th century international relations, broadly defined. It focuses on the ways in which disparate individuals, communities, ideas, goods, nation-states, environments, and economies interacted with transnational networks, international organizations, global processes, and universal human inequalities in a changing, interconnecting world. Key themes covered include: cross-cultural encounters and coexistence; conflict and cooperation; trade; and development. Particular attention will be given to marginalized peoples, perspectives, places, and situations.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s):3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; 30 credit units of University; or permission of the department.


HIST 295.3: Japanese History to 1600

This course introduces students to the history of Japanese civilization from prehistory to the beginning of the 17th century. Using written records, archaeological relics or objects of material culture and works of art from the Paleolithic period to the beginning of the Edo era in 1603, we will investigate several key topics, issues, and moments in time that significantly affected the lives of the people who lived on the Japanese archipelago. These topics include, technology (metallurgy, wet rice cultivation, paper making), governance (indigenous versus continental East Asian models), religion (Buddhism, Shintō, Christianity), systems of thought, food, language, daily life, social forms, identity, gender, the state, art, literature, architecture, and historiography. Some of the questions include: Where can we find connections or discontinuities? How can—and cannot—textual and archaeological sources help us understand people and their lives? How did Japanese thinkers, leaders, religious professionals, and ordinary people understand the past?

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University level courses.


HIST 296.3: Japanese History from 1600 to Yesterday

This course explores the history of Japanese civilization during the early modern and modern periods. Using written records, archaeological relics, objects of material culture and art from roughly 1603 to the present, we will investigate topics including: technology (from swords and guns to cameras, microchips and robots), governance (generals, restoration of the emperor, constitutional monarchy), religion (Buddhism, Shintō, Christianity, and New Religions), systems of thought, food (sushi and western food like tenpura), language, daily life, social forms, identity, gender, the state, art, literature, architecture, and historiography. Some questions include: Where can we find connections or discontinuities? How can—and cannot—textual and archaeological sources help us understand people’s lives? How have Japanese thinkers, leaders, religious professionals, political leaders, and ordinary people understood the past?

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 100 level; or 30 credit units of University level courses.


HIST 298.3: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours


HIST 299.6: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours


HIST 301.3: Greek and Roman Historians

History began with the Greeks. Or at least, the Western tradition of the writing of history began with them; after all, it was the Greeks who gave us the term “history” - literally meaning “inquiries” in the original Greek, it served as the title of an account of the Persian Wars written by Herodotus, the so-called “Father of History”. But not everyone agreed with Herodotus’ approach. Most strikingly, his immediate successor, Thucydides, emphatically rejected his methodology and proposed an alternative. And subsequent writers regularly proposed alternative viewpoints regarding best approach to writing history. This course will trace the development of historical writing in the ancient world and explore the different approaches that Greek and Roman historians brought to the discipline by analyzing a variety of primary sources (in translation). In the process, we’ll explore questions about the purpose and methodology of history more broadly, including about how we practice it today.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units of university studies; or by permission of the instructor.


HIST 302.3: Life and Letters Roman Society and Culture through Epistolary Practice

Ancient letters and letter writers, for example, Cicero and/or Pliny the Younger, are starting points for study of the political, social, and cultural history of ancient Rome and its empire. Classes will be based on lecture and discussion of selected letters, and assigned books and articles.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST or CLAS.


HIST 303.3: Sex Gender and Sexuality in Africa

Recent scholarship on sex, gender and sexuality in Africa has focused on the relationship between a constructed African sexual deviance and the rising rates of HIV/AIDS on the continent. This course seeks to understand how the stereotypes of African sexuality, same-sex relationships and gender oppression were formed. Through a wide range of scholarly literature, primary sources, biographies and visual texts we will then move beyond this narrow focus and use historical studies to destabilize dominant assumptions about gender and sexuality in Africa. To do this we will use predominantly African texts and develop analytical tools appropriate to African contexts. In this way the course will provide rich accounts of African lives and how they shape and are shaped by issues of gender and sexuality.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level or permission of the instructor.


HIST 304.3: Exhibiting History

In this course students will work together to develop a museum exhibit surrounding an artifact or focused collection of artifacts held by the University of Saskatchewan or community partners.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-Level HIST courses, or 60 credit units of university studies, or by permission of the instructor.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 498.3 An Unlikely Grimoire Reginald Scots Discoverie of Witchcraft or HIST 498.3 Magic and Kabbalah An Eighteenth Century Manuscript in the Murray Library may not take this course for credit.


HIST 307.3: Seminar in Ancient Medieval and Renaissance Biography

History viewed through documents related to a single individual. Students will work from various perspectives, including social, institutional, cultural, intellectual, and gender history. Possible individuals to be studied include Peter Abelard, Elizabeth I, Erasmus, and Joan of Arc.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.
Note:Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 308.6: Rome Building and Living in the Ancient City

This 3-week intensive, lecture-seminar summer study abroad class takes place in Italy every two years and focuses on the study of the ancient city of Rome (8 century BCE to 4 century CE). Urban planning and development, architectural history, monuments and authority, aspects of life in the largest ancient metropolis, Christianity in urban space, are some of the subjects that we cover; first in the classroom, and then during site visits in the city of Rome. This course will benefit especially students who have taken classics, archaeology, CMRS, history or art and art history at the 100 and 200 levels, and who would like the opportunity to expand their knowledge of Rome, its urban culture and architectural history.

Weekly hours: 4 Lecture hours and 9 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST, CLAS, ARCH or ARTH, or 45 credit units at University and permission of the Instructor.
Note: Costs in addition to tuition will apply to this course. Please contact the department for details.


HIST 309.3: Crusades and Aftermath

Examines the socio-economic pressures and spiritual goals basic to the Crusades, military encounters, the organization of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291), and ensuing contacts between Christians and Muslims to the eighteenth century.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 310.3: Beavers Booze and Bully Boys Fur Trade Wars in North America

This course is an introduction to the history of the fur trade in North America prior to the merger of the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company in 1821. The lectures, readings and discussions will examine the major events, issues, and themes surrounding the fur trade. Fur trade history intersects with numerous other histories, allowing for a wide assortment of topics including native-newcomer relations, commodities and historical economic conditions, the evolution of gender relations, imperial/colonial societies and conquest, labour, transportation, and changing concepts of modernity.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level


HIST 311.3: Mapping History

This course focuses on the methods, approaches, and research of scholars who merge a historian’s interest in time with geographer’s interest in place and space. It will provide students with an overview of the potential and challenges this kind of research poses and provide them with the technical expertise necessary to conduct research of their own in this field of study. The course is organized in a series of thematic topics aimed at demonstrating the applicability of Historical GIS and other spatial history approaches at the local, regional, national, and transnational scales.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST courses, or 60 credit units of university studies, or at the permission of the instructor.


HIST 314.3: Intensive Historical Community Engaged Research Methods Workshop

The course will take shape around intensive workshops organized into modules representing distinct aspects of the issues listed above. Students will attend discussions, engage in workshop related events and do assigned readings. Some days classes will be broken up by visits to specific sites in Saskatoon and elsewhere. Students will be expected to read for each class, engage in discussions, work effectively in methods workshops, and prepare a proposal for a community-engaged research project. A sub-set of the students taking HIST 314.3 each year will be subsequently employed through the Collaboratorium to conduct historical community-engaged research. For these students, research project proposals will necessarily be explored with the project partners in mind. For other students, the project proposals will be developed in close consultation with the course supervisor and instructors of modules.

Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units of university studies; or by permission of the instructor.


HIST 315.3: Indigenous Health History

In this course, we will focus primarily on the multiple physical, mental, and spiritual health risks First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples have faced as a direct result of European exploration, missionization, trade, and colonization from 1492 to present day. We will consider Indigenous teachings and practices related to health and wellness both before and after European contact. We will also consider how new disease epidemics, poverty, food insecurity, the delivery (or withholding) of Western style medical care, and institutionalization in schools and hospitals affected Indigenous peoples’ health status over time.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level; or 60 credit units of university studies; or by permission of the instructor


HIST 316.3: History of the Métis in Twentieth Century Prairie Canada

This lecture/seminar course provides a comparative analysis of the diversity of Métis communities across the Canadian Prairies in the Twentieth Century. It is organized around historical social, cultural, and economic themes. It includes examination of concepts of resistance, resilience, mobility, dispossession, displacement and relocation as they relate to Métis experience. A significant focus of this course is a critical review of Indigenous narratives of life on the “road allowance” as presented through Métis stories and personal reminiscences as they complement existing historical scholarship.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units of university studies; or by permission of the instructor


HIST 319.3: War in German history from Luther to Clausewitz

Warfare was a force for incredible creative destruction on the German lands between 1500 and 1800. It accompanied and catalysed confessional division, political fragmentation, demographic catastrophe, state formation, and national revitalization. The German peoples’ particular entry into and exit from early modernity are inseparable from their experiences of war. This course introduces students to key themes in the military, social, economic, political, and intellectual history of the German lands between the careers of the theologian Martin Luther and the military theorist Carl von Clausewitz. It highlights the complex ways early modern warfare shaped and was shaped by structural and contingent factors, often with profound consequences for broader German societies and subsequent generations.

Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST courses, or 60 credit units of university studies, or by permission of the instructor.


HIST 320.3: Pagans Christians Barbarians Identity and Empire in the Roman World

This course addresses the interaction of diverse cultural and religious identities in the Roman world, especially from the rise of Christianity in the early Empire through late antiquity. This encounter between Christianity and traditional Roman culture is one often defined in terms of conflict and triumph, but it is also one of toleration and exchange: by the time Christianity became an official religion, it was also deeply Roman. In the process of tracing these historical developments, this course will likewise consider how cultural and religious differences are constructed, resisted and adopted. Readings include a combination of modern scholarship and ancient literary and documentary texts.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST or CLAS at the 200-level.


HIST 321.3: Fascisms in History

Was Italian Fascism reactionary or revolutionary? Was it a coherent ideology? Mussolini’s Fascists were the “original” totalitarians, and they inspired many other dictatorships. But did the Italians resist Fascism? Or did they embrace it? The class will ask if we can talk about consensus under Mussolini. How was everyday life under Fascism? And what about other Fascisms? Was it a phenomenon limited to the interwar period? What about its memorialization and its representations? Is Fascism returning to the political stage? This class will engage with all these issues and we will try to find answers. This class consciously left out National Socialism, as the goal is to think about all those other Fascist and Fascist-like systems, parties, and groups which are often put aside and ignored. This course will talk about the Nazis during our conversations, but non-Nazi movements will be the center of our study.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units at the university level; or permission of the instructor.


HIST 322.6: South Africa History Politics and Society

This intensive taught abroad experience will give students the opportunity to learn about culture and society in South Africa. Through site visits, guest lectures and formal and informal meetings with South Africans of all ages, races and socio-economic backgrounds students will begin to develop an understanding of the diverse nature of South African society and the historical issues that shaped it. Through the variety of teaching and learning strategies involved students will be able to engage in historical thinking in a real-world setting which will allow them to develop a variety of skills, such as cross-cultural understandings, which are much more difficult to convey in the classroom.

Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200 level; 60 credit units of University; or permission of the instructor.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 399.6 South Africa: History, Politics and Society; HIST 499.6 South Africa Taught Abroad: History, Politics, and Society; or HIST 422.6 may not take this course for credit.
Note: There are costs in addition to tuition fees. Please contact the department for information.


HIST 331.3: Magic Science and Religion before the Scientific Revolution

Medieval magic was founded upon conventional scientific and religious presuppositions. It was also unconventional and illicit. Examines magical literature and traditions from third- to sixteenth-century Europe, the place of magic in early European history, and reflects on the theoretical issues surrounding the classification of magic.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 334.3: History of Medicine Bugs to Drugs 1800 to the Present

This course examines the changing content, practice and organisation of medicine since 1800. We will explore the social and cultural history of medicine alongside some of the technological, scientific and professional developments in the field.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level
Note: Students with credit for HIST 398: History of Medicine, 1800-Present may not take HIST 334 for credit.


HIST 335.3: Spectacles of Death in the Roman World

Ridley Scott’s film Gladiator (2000) brought the bloodlust of the Roman arena to a 21st century audience. The film appears to confirm that the Romans, especially emperors and the plebeian masses, were a cruel and bloodthirsty lot. Trained killers- gladiators- slaughtered innocent victims, or savage lions mauled and devoured them, all for the pleasure of the Roman people. This course takes a critical look at the varied deadly activities (munera, venationes, damnatio ad bestias), held in the Roman arena by examining ancient textual and visual sources, and modern scholarship. We will examine these spectacles in the broader context of Roman performance culture, religion and politics. Were these spectacles merely the product of a debased and declining culture? How has modern scholarship understood the apparent madness of the Roman arena?

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST or CLAS


HIST 341.3: History of Buddhism

This hybrid lecture-seminar class provides students with an historical examination of the peoples, practices, doctrines, and institutions of the Buddhist religion through history, emphasizing socio-cultural dimensions. Topics include: early Buddhism and its evolution in India; cultural contacts and the spread of Buddhism to southeast Asia, central Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Tibet and Mongolia. We will also consider Buddhism in modern Asia and in the west. Class meetings will combine lectures that provide historical and cultural context with discussions—and films—to clarify and interpret the assigned readings. Readings center on primary materials in English translation rather than on secondary scholarship so that students will define Buddhism on their own terms. Several questions guide this class: How has the world been imagined and experienced by Buddhists over time and over different geographies and cultures? What aspects of Buddhism are Westerners eager to see and what are they not interested in?

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200 level; or 60 credit units of University level courses; or permission of the instructor.


HIST 342.3: History of Religion in China

This hybrid lecture-seminar class offers an introduction to the history of world views characteristic of the popular religious traditions of China and of popular religious concepts and practices including mythology, divination, magic, and communal worship. We will also investigate Chinese institutional religions including Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism in terms of how their practitioners have incorporated these and other popular religious concepts and practices into their methods, regulations, and teachings. Features of sacred sites, including foundational and enduring myths, architecture, art and socio-cultural dynamics, and historiography will receive careful consideration in this course. We will explore religion as it has been and continues to be practiced in everyday life for individuals, families, communities, and the state in China and within Chinese communities. Our historical analysis will consider religion and culture not as abstract, monolithic and ahistorical phenomena, but as expressions of the social realm.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200 level; or 60 credit units of University level courses; or permission of the instructor.


HIST 350.3: The War That Shaped a Continent The Seven Years War and the Conquest of Canada

The British conquest of 1759-1763 assessed primarily in terms of its effect upon French Canadian society. Historical interpretations of this central event in Canadian history will form the core of study.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 353.3: Pests Plagues Pox and Politics A History of Health Care in Canada

This course explores the history of health care in Canada from the pre-contact period to the establishment of universal health insurance (Medicare). The focus of this course is on the politics of health care (who provides what care, to whom, and under what circumstances). This course will examine the provision of health care as it emerged from local forms of knowledge within various communities to professional knowledge delivered in private and public institutions. In addition, the course will examine the relationships among and between government, non-governmental and/or professional responses to infectious or acute diseases and their impact on various populations in Canada.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 363.3: Canada in Age of Affluence Post 1945

Canadians emerged from World War II confident, optimistic and well positioned to play a leading role in world events. What happened? Seminar topics devoted to political, social, cultural and economic developments allow students to study the central dichotomy of modern Canadian life-angst in an era of affluence.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 365.3: Recipes for a Nation Food History in Canada

This course offers students the opportunity to engage with a newly emerging field of historical scholarship: food history. Food, its production, marketing, preparation and consumption is the product of particular societies and cultural practices and, ultimately, food has a history. Drawing upon the recent international and national literature this class offers a social and cultural history of Canada through food. Employing the traditional analytical categories of social history (race, gender, class and nation/region) provides us with the tools to understand the expansion of food products and commercialization; the growth of fast food empires; immigration and "ethnic" cuisine, the gendered dynamics of the kitchen, the farmyard and the grocery store; food safety and social justice; and now, most recently, our fascination with sustainability, organic foods and so-called '100 mile diets.'

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Permission of the Department.
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST
Note:Students who took the earlier iteration of this class as a HIST 398.3 (2011 and 2012) may not take this course for credit.


HIST 366.3: Indigenous Womens Life Stories in Early North America

A focus on life stories can shed “light far beyond the individual” and allows the historian to make connections to broader historical change (Salvatore, 2004). As one of the oldest forms of historical practice, biography serves many purposes in society such as to construct and validate ethical and social practices as well as commemorate key players. More recently, biography has been recognized as an important decolonizing methodology, with scholars attempting to highlight marginalized actors who have been obscured and/or erased from colonial narratives. This course reflects this trend and will study the life (her)stories of Indigenous women who have shaped Early North America. Critical analysis will include research based in both primary and secondary sources. The course consists of one three-hour class per week, divided into two parts. The first half the class will consist of a lecture, while the second half will be a seminar discussion based on weekly readings.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units at the university level; or permission of the instructor.


HIST 367.3: Early Indigenous North American Diasporas

This course looks at early North American history (1600-1900) through the prism of diasporas. Many groups of Indigenous North Americans have experienced both voluntary and forced dispersal from their homeland. This process of migration and settlement has resulted in the creation of new localized communities who simultaneously align themselves culturally, politically and economically within a continental diaspora network. Beyond an introduction to migration and diaspora history, this course will highlight several case studies such as: the Wendat, the Shawnee, the Cherokee, the Odawa, and the Métis. Seminar discussions will draw on themes of colonialism, transnationalism, historic trauma, spirituality, identity and women’s experiences. The course consists of one three-hour class per week, divided into two parts. The first half the class will consist of a lecture, while the second half will be a seminar discussion based on weekly readings.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST; or 60 credit units at the university level; or permission of the instructor.


HIST 370.3: Violence Smuggling and Vice Borderlands and the Gaps of Power

This course introduces students to the history of borderlands by analyzing what borderlands are, how they form, why they matter, and how they change our conceptions of history. We will study the historic formation of the borderlands of North America paying close attention to the efforts that Canada, Britain, the United States, and Mexico expended to demarcate their national boundaries and the slippages that occurred when nations have tried to force binary categories, such as nationalities, onto historically mobile and interconnected populations. In doing so, we will study inter-tribal borderlands, borderlands between Natives and newcomers, and the creation of borders between European powers. We will assess the impact and contributions that communities such as the Cree, Sioux, Nez Perce, Métis, Comanche, Iroquois and Coast Salish made to the demarcation, enforcement, and placement of European boundaries. Finally, we will compare the borderlands of North America to borderlands across the world, utilizing case studies from Europe, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, and Morocco. Throughout this process, we will focus on contentious issues such as violence, warfare, smuggling, prostitution, nation building, abductions, and racial exclusion.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 371.3: Power and Change The History of Energy

This course explores the ways that humans have exploited various sources of energy and fuels in the past, and the implications of the dramatic increase in the total amount of energy used by society. It considers the consequences of the transition from organic forms of energy, such as muscles and wood, to mineral forms of energy, such as coal, oil, and uranium. The course addresses how new technologies, higher standards of living, changing modes of production, and environmental transformations made this pattern of energy use possible, and contextualizes the growth in energy consumption within narratives of colonization, state formation, urbanization, industrialization, rapid population growth, and wealth accumulation.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST or permission of the department.


HIST 375.3: USA Foreign Relations 1890s to the Present

In the post 9/11 period, interest in the study of American foreign relations has continued to increase. This hybrid lecture/seminar course examines the history and historiography of U.S. foreign relations from the 1890s to the present. While the emphasis is on diplomatic history, the course also considers the political, economic, cultural, and social implications of American foreign policies in the United States and the wider world.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level


HIST 383.3: Scientific Revolution from Newton to Darwin

The scientific and philosophical discovery of the laws of nature from the period of Newton to Darwin. Emphasis will be given to the status of science, the growth of experiment, the relationship between science and technology, and the decline of the mystical view of nature in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.


HIST 385.3: Selected Topics in Central American History

Examines selected themes in the history of Central America, concentrating on the 19th and 20th centuries.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.
Note: Post-1815; Other Regions. Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 387.3: Eugenics Birth Control and Venereal Disease in Republican China and the Global Context

This course traces the merging of eugenics with birth control in Republican China and globally, such as in the arguments of birth control activist Margaret Sanger, and the intersection between eugenics, hygiene and nation building. Examining the reaction of Chinese intellectuals to such scientific racial ideas, will enrich our understanding of the utopic potency of eugenics as a solution to social ills such as poverty and disease. Reproduction is connected with ideologies of racial improvement such as eugenics, which also underpinned the One Child Policy in the 1980s. Chinese and international activists, writers and ideologues linked the population question, theories of degeneration and race suicide, birth control, and venereal disease to eugenics. Eugenics is intertwined with mental and physical health. Eugenics functions as an international ideology that also reinforces nationalism. The scientific argument has an explanatory value and legitimates the implementation of birth control and sterilization.

Weekly hours: 3 Lecture hours
Prerequisite(s):3 credit units 200-Level HIST courses.


HIST 388.3: Mass Killing and Genocide in the Twentieth Century

An examination of major mass killings in the twentieth century. The course analyzes the definitions and theories of mass killings, including genocide and ethnic cleansing. It also discusses how the international community can best detect and prevent a mass killing using such tools as international law and humanitarian intervention.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level or permission of the instructor.


HIST 389.3: The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

This course introduces students to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Lectures, readings, and in-class conversations will explore the distinct, yet interconnected, histories of Palestine and Israel at various times since the dawn of Zionism and Palestinian nationalism. Particular attention will be given to inter-cultural relations, religion, and the idea of coexistence; violence, identity (re)formations, and respective national myth-making; settler colonialism, imperial culture, and decolonization; gender and sexuality; globalization, capitalism, and world affairs; racial difference, exclusion, and segregation; the so-called peace process; social justice and the tensions within human rights imaginations; as well as the politics of history and memory.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level


HIST 395.3: New Directions in Historical Research

Explore exciting research taught by faculty or a senior PhD candidate overseen by a faculty mentor. In lectures and seminars, students engage with ground-breaking topics and sources, and the process by which historians develop research and teaching strategies.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Permission of the department required.
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.
Note: Chronological and geographical designation will vary with instructor. See department for current details. Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 396.3: Digital History

Digital history, the application of new and emerging technologies to the study of history, is an exciting new historical methodology. In this course, we explore the literature on digital history, and then put theory into practice by digitally collecting, evaluating, and producing historical knowledge. Along with discussing what digital history is and how it is evolving, this course will introduce students to text mining, geographic information systems (GIS) and developing historical websites. How digital archives are changing how we preserve and research history. Students will get hands-on experience with a wide range of digital skills and use these new methods to develop a final digital history project.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units 200-level HIST courses


HIST 397.3: Approaches to History

How should (and how do) historians approach their scholarship, and how has this changed in recent generations? This course engages a range of methodological, philosophical, and historiographical readings drawn from a comprehensive survey of topical, thematic, and theoretical fields, collectively aimed at encouraging students to think about the process and methods of doing history.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200-level.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 398 Special Topics Approaches to History may not take this course for credit. HIST 397 is required for the Honours and Double Honours programs.


HIST 398.3: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 399.6: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 402.3: Aspects of Late Antiquity

A study of the cultural and intellectual history of Late Antiquity based on the reading of primary sources in translation. Topics include church-state relations, the survival of the classical heritage, education, the early papacy, influential women, early monasticism and the fathers of the church.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 403.3: Topics in the History of Early Medieval England The Anglo Saxon Renaissance

Designed to introduce honours history students (not necessarily specialists in the area) to the primary sources and historiography of the Anglo-Saxon Renaissance. Given the scarcity of contemporary documentary evidence for large portions of this period, it is important for students to become familiar with non-documentary primary sources. Such sources include those revealed by archaeology, numismatics, and art history. Scholars must learn to use these sources in their efforts to understand the existing documentary sources and place them in a wider historical context.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 404.3: Chinese Feminism and Chinese Womens Experiences in Historical Context

This course explores the particularities of Chinese feminism and Chinese women’s experiences from the Qing Dynasty until the present. We examine the political and ideological dimensions of Chinese feminism, in its intersections with nationalism, anarchism, socialism, and post-socialism. We learn of the contributions to feminist theory of radical anarcho-feminist He Yin-Zhen, explore the writings of talented female writers like swordswoman and revolutionary martyr Qiu Jin, or bourgeois writer turned Marxist Ding Ling, the first female writer to write the feminine self in Chinese literature. We explore prevalent Chinese practices such as foot binding, the separation of the sexes, arranged marriage, concubines, polygamy, free love, suicide, infanticide, leftover women, the marriage market, and Chinese lesbian cinema. We also look at major events and policies in Chinese history that affect women, such as the Rape of Nanjing, Western Colonialism, The Cultural Revolution and the female Red Guards, and the One Child Policy.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.


HIST 405.3: Wars and Sexualities in 20th Century Europe

This class, moving from WWI to the 1990s Balkan Wars, from France to Ethiopia, Auschwitz, Algiers and Saigon, aims at analyzing the relationship between war, gender and sexualities. In this course we will confront not only the issue of sexual violence, but we will also talk about desire and love. Reading works based on thorough research we will see the intimate tie between the history of sexuality and military history. In this class we will expose the constructedness of gender and sexuality, and we will see how military conflicts had distinct impacts on the lives of women, men and children. Our investigation over the course of the semester will allow us to touch on a variety of themes including sexuality, gender, race, colonialism, citizenship, and more. Students taking this course should have some background in modern European history and/or gender studies.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.


HIST 410.3: France in the Americas 1500 to 1803 In Search of Empire

This course examines the history of French colonialism in the Americas from the first explorers and settlements to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Weekly readings and seminar discussions explore a variety of historical themes designed to critically evaluate the French colonial experience and analyze the character of the French Empire in the Americas. Such themes include native-newcomer relations, empire and conquest, religion, slavery, women and gender, métissage, commerce, and the French in North America after the fall of New France. The French had a profound influence on the Americas, from the Maritimes to the Canadian Northwest, and as far south as New Orleans and the Caribbean. This class puts the Spanish, American, and British North American (Canadian) Empires into context, and sets a foundation for understanding the English/French divide in contemporary Canada and the rise of the Métis in Western Canada.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior level HIST of which 3 credit units must be at the 300-level; or permission of the department


HIST 414.3: Masculinity in Middle Ages and Renaissance

Will examine the many recent historical studies on gender and masculinity including topics such as medical theory, class and work, sexuality, and crime. Students will be asked to employ historical sources to evaluate the value of this trend in scholarship as well as the associated theoretical perspectives.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 415.3: History of 20th Century Canadian Popular Culture

This course provides a selective overview of the major developments, contributions, and products of Canadian popular culture in the twentieth century. While the regional experiences will be featured (particularly through our weekly artifacts) the primary emphasis of the course is upon defining and exploring facets of our ‘national’ culture. The course is organized chronologically and thematically. Weekly discussions will focus upon a particular topic or document, and its analysis. Topics of discussion include: Canadian “art”, newspapers, novels, magazines, sports, documentary film, television and popular music. Ultimately, the class attempts to explore and critically analyze whether a “Canadian” popular culture or esthetic exists. Throughout the course, special attention will be paid to theories of cultural studies, and cultural history as well as issues of class, race, gender, region, sexuality, and national identity.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 498.3 Canadian Popular Culture may not take this course for credit.


HIST 420.3: Modern European Queer History

This course explores construction, expressions, and politics of queer sexual desire in modern Europe. The course examines the ways in which sexuality has become central to questions of identity in modern European societies. The readings for the course will be drawn from sexological texts, political writings, and recent scholarship produced by both historians and theorists of sexuality. We will also watch some movies central to the themes of this class. This course will not only offer a chronological history of modern ‘queer Europe’, but it will also interrogate the meanings of the term ‘queer’ and explore what queer historical practices look like, or should look like. We will not only trace the history of those individuals who would claim to occupy various categories of identity, but we will also explore how those identity categories have been brought into existence.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST courses at the 200-level or above; and 3 credit units of HIST courses at the 300-level or above; or permission of the department.


HIST 422.6: South Africa Advanced History Politics and Society

This intensive taught abroad experience will give students the opportunity to learn about culture and society in South Africa. Through site visits, guest lectures and formal and informal meetings with South Africans of all ages, races and socio-economic backgrounds students will begin to develop an understanding of the diverse nature of South African society and the historical issues that shaped it. Through the variety of teaching and learning strategies involved students will be able to engage in historical thinking in a real-world setting which will allow them to develop a variety of skills, such as cross-cultural understandings, which are much more difficult to convey in the classroom.

Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 200 level; 60 credit units of University; or permission of the instructor.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 399.6 South Africa: History, Politics and Society, HIST 499.6 South Africa Taught Abroad: History, Politics, and Society, or HIST 322.6 may not take this course for credit.
Note: There are costs in addition to tuition fees. Please contact the department for information.


HIST 430.3: Gender and Sexuality in Western Canada

In this seminar course, we will consider how social, political, economic, and environmental conditions particular to northwestern North America (territory now known as British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) have affected the perception and construction of gender roles and intimate relations in indigenous and settler communities, from the 18th to the 20th century. We will use primary sources in an effort to uncover and understand how Plains and Pacific peoples defined male, female, and genderqueer identities, as well as how they viewed short- and long-term sexual relations. We will also consider recent historiography on this subject in an effort to understand how exploration, trade, colonization, immigration, labour, and social activism have influenced Western Canadian expressions of gender identity and sexuality over time.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level; or permission of the professor or the department.
Note: Students with credit for HIST 498.3 Gender and Sexuality in Western Canada may not take this course for credit.


HIST 432.3: Early North American Ethnohistories

Ethnohistory includes scholars that conduct research in ways that reflect the protocols and philosophical outlooks of Indigenous communities. Keith Carlson and John Lutz have developed this further, arguing that the “main manifestation of our discipline is Indigenous participation, creation, permission and direction in research on [with] Indigenous communities.” This course explores both the historical context in which ethnohistory emerged, as well as the ways in which it has changed over time from 1900 to the present. The course consists of one three-hour seminar a week. Class discussion is based on class readings and assignments, as well as guest speakers when appropriate.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST courses at the 200-level or above; and 3 credit units of HIST courses at the 300-level or above; or permission of the department.


HIST 433.6: Visions of Empire Architecture and Power in Ancient Rome and Fascist Italy

The city of Rome evokes visions of conquest and empire, emperors and dictators. The first Roman emperor, Augustus wrote the ideology of his absolute rule, and of the eternity of empire on the city of Rome through architecture. He provided a model for later emperors and popes, and in 20th century, for Benito Mussolini, the fascist leader. From his first appearance on the Italian political scene, Mussolini stressed the need for the rebirth of the Italian nation after centuries of darkness that followed the end of the Roman Empire in the fifth century CE. The Italian resurrection entailed not only the creation of the “new Italians” but also the foundation of a “new Italy.” The country needed to be reconstructed from an architectural point of view. The rebirth of Rome, in particular, had a great metaphorical importance. The city had to be the symbol of the Fascist era. It had to embody the connection between Romulus, Augustus and Mussolini as the frieze carved in 1939 by Publio Morbiducci boldly stated. The ruins of the ancient city provided an inspiration (and an obstacle) in his desire to create a modern, yet eternal Roman Empire, with a strong Duce as its leader. Demolishing medieval and Renaissance constructions, the Fascist regime not only brought back to light remains of the glorious Roman past, but it also gained more space to construct new buildings and monuments aimed at celebrating Mussolini’s regime for centuries to come. This course will look at Rome as the “Imperial city” par excellence, epicenter of the Ancient Roman Empire and of 20th century Italian Fascism. It will investigate the political and symbolic role of the city under the emperors and under the Duce. It will analyze how the city materially embodied power, and how Romans and Fascists built it and conceptualized it as “the eternal city.” Exploring in person the architecture, urban forms and neighborhoods of ancient and fascist Rome students will understand how authorities shape urban space to shap

Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level; or permission of the department.


HIST 434.3: Fascism Gender and Sexuality

Explores how assumptions about gender and sexuality shaped fascist movements in Germany, Italy, and France. How did fascists define masculinity and femininity? How did those definitions shape fascist ideals and policies? How did sexuality and race intersect with the delineation of gender roles for men and women?

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 440.0: Studying History through Game Creation

In this course students will develop an expertise in a focused historical topic through seminar readings, discussions, and an independent research project. They will then work together with the instructor to create a game that models some aspect of that historical circumstance.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 444.3: Everyday Life and Popular Culture in Early Modern Britain

This course explores the key constitutive developments of material, cultural and political life in Britain from 1500 to 1700. We will examine the medieval social-spiritual background, the advent of the market, political and religious transformations, and some of the causes and consequences of the British civil wars. Suitable for those keen to understand how past people made sense of ordinary life in the midst of tremendous material and intellectual change.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.
Note:Students who have taken HIST 498.3 Special Topics: Social and Cultural History of Early Modern Britain may not take this course for credit.


HIST 445.3: British Cities Empire and Global Environmental Change

During the long nineteenth century, Britain emerged as a leading urban and industrial nation. Rapid urban development transformed local environments and the population suffered from the unhealthy living conditions brought by overcrowding and pollution. The cities, nonetheless, were phenomenal engines of wealth creation and helped increase Britain’s global influence. Continued industrial growth in Britain relied on overseas forests, farms, grasslands, plantations and mines to supply a growing assortment of raw materials, such as cotton, sugar, tallow, palm oil, guano, timber, wheat, tea, indigo and rubber. The vast expansion of Britain’s economic influence also coincided with the expansion of its empire. This set off a new era of ecological imperialism, as the British botanists, industrialists and officials helped reorder nature, both in the empire and in economically dependent regions. This course will explore the interconnected histories of urban industrial development, imperialism and environmental change at the local, regional and global scale.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 3 credit units HIST at the 300-level.


HIST 453.3: Decolonization in the Postcolonial World

This seminar examines how myriad peoples and communities across the globe, including Canadians, have experienced the global process of decolonization in the aftermath of the formation of a so-called post-imperial international system. After 1945, empires were in the process of being eliminated, but tragically, the discriminatory imperial ways of seeing that long justified imperial rule remained alive and well. Human dignity, decolonizing intellectuals realized, did not come with national independence and/or national citizenship. This seminar, in light of the increasing flow of such postcolonial ideas, uses historical and historiographical examinations of the global process of decolonization after 1945 as a means to understand and promote the ongoing decolonization of hearts and minds in the 21st century world.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 466.3: Canada and the Great War

Examines how Canada responded to outbreak of war in 1914 and how its participation in the bloody conflict over the next four years fundamentally changed the country both on the home front and in its place on the world stage. One federal cabinet minister claimed that the war had so much to answer for: this seminar will enable students to understand and appreciate Canada's first total war and how the country that enthusiastically joined the conflict in 1914 was not the same country in 1918.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 468.3: Topics in Urban History Saskatoon Indigenous History

Indigenous people remain conspicuously absent from many North American urban genesis stories. In such accounts, the city is seen as inherently modern and the pinnacle of settler achievement. If Indigenous peoples are included it is as recent arrivals moving to cities in increasing numbers since the 1960s. This course challenges the idea that cities are not Indigenous spaces, and critically examines Indigenous peoples' experiences, encounters and interactions in these spaces. The course focuses on Indigenous experiences in Canadian cities to better understand Indigenous experiences in prairie cities, specifically Saskatoon. Course themes include: the manifestation of “urban” or “municipal colonialism” as a key element of the colonial project; the erasure of Indigenous peoples from urban spaces; gendered and racialized colonial violence in urban spaces; the development of urban Indigenous social and political organizations; and, cities as Indigenous gathering spaces and places of resilience and resistance where Indigenous peoples continue to make space for themselves and their relations.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.


HIST 472.3: The United States and the Middle East

This seminar course examines American foreign policies in the Middle East during and after the Cold War. More specifically, it focusses on U.S. relations with nations such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel, the Palestinian National Authority, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. While the emphasis is on the political, diplomatic, strategic and economic aspects of these relations, the course also studies the cultural dimensions of U.S. policies.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 473.3: The Life and Legend of Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was one of the most successful generals of all time. Throughout the Classical era, he was the prototype of a successful conqueror, with generals everywhere striving to imitate his success (and sometimes even his appearance). And his legend continued to grow through the centuries, with new actions and accomplishments being ascribed to him as his legend was reimagined in order to fit the cultures of the societies where it was being retold. In this course we’ll examine Alexander’s actions while he was alive and the way that his legend grew after his death. We’ll analyze his military conquests and his cultural impact (including the role that women played in facilitating his rise to power and his attempts to merge Macedonian and Persian culture), as well as how fictionalized versions of Alexander’s life shaped views about him across Europe and the Middle East for over a thousand years.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level, or permission of the department.


HIST 478.3: United States and the Vietnam Wars

Examines key political, military, social, and cultural themes related to the American experience in Vietnam from World War Two to the fall of Saigon.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Lecture hours and 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.
Note:Students with credit for HIST 398 The United States and the Vietnam Wars or HIST 378 may not take this course for credit.


HIST 482.3: History of Native Newcomer Relations in the United States

Will examine the history of Aboriginal peoples within the United States and will concentrate on the formation of indigenous cultures and how they reacted and adapted to Euro-American conquest, colonization, and dispossession to become one of the fastest growing "minority" populations in the United States.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 484.3: History of Madness From Enlightenment to Prozac

This seminar examines historical issues in mental health and psychiatry from medical, sociological, cultural, legal and political perspectives, principally in the English-speaking world. Charting a path from the rise of the asylum, to the dark chapter of the lobotomy, through Big Pharma and into Scientology, the History of Madness considers how we have historically found reason through insanity.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.


HIST 488.3: Topics in History of Development

Research seminar on development requiring work with primary sources, in-depth discussion of themes and topics, and the preparation of major research papers.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Prerequisite(s): 6 credit units of senior-level HIST of which 3 credit units must be 300-level or permission of the department.
Note:Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 492.6: Ethnohistory Fieldschool Community Based Experiential Learning

This unique community-based experiential fieldschool learning opportunity involves students and faculty spending four weeks living in an Aboriginal community. Initially students attend seminars led by faculty on ethnohistory theory and method, including critical responses to the field as it has been practiced. These include readings that focus on the regional ethnohistory as well as the broader thematic, theoretical, and historiographic literature. Finally, the students, under the guidance of faculty and Aboriginal mentors, engage in independent concentrated research projects that have been identified as important by the Aboriginal community.

Permission of the instructor required.
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 494.0: Michael Swan Honours Colloquium

Oral presentation of a historical paper at a conference of Honours students. The presentation is normally based on a paper already prepared, or in preparation, for a third- or fourth-year seminar course.

Restriction(s): Admission to an honours program in history.
Note: HIST 494 is required for all Honours and Double Honours programs.


HIST 498.3: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 499.6: Special Topics

Offered occasionally by visiting faculty and in other special situations to cover, in depth, topics that are not thoroughly covered in regularly offered courses.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 811.3: Studies in the History of Colonialism

Explores the 'civilizing mission' that accompanied the spread of colonialism. Most countries argued that their endeavours benefited those who were to be colonized. They argued that colonialism would improve the habits of the colonized in economics, culture, religion, health, and sanitation. While almost universal in the colonial context, this argument was prevalent in the period of 'late' colonialism through the latter part of the 19th century and into the early 20th century. The course concentrates on its expression in Africa and India, with occasional examples drawn from the Caribbean and elsewhere. It focuses on general discussions of the civilizing mission then explores these arguments in more detail through an examination of specific elements of the ways colonial regimes attempted to alter the behaviour of the colonized and through examinations of how the colonizers came to believe they understood the colonized.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially.


HIST 812.3: Studies in the History of Violence

Examines theories in the multidisciplinary field of genocide studies and analyzes examples of genocide/mass killing within a comparative context. However, the course is built around themes rather than individual cases. Over the past three decades, these chosen themes have attracted strong scholarly interest. They include the definitions and typologies of genocide/mass killings by historians and social scientists; the many diverse factors that explain them; the nature of mass killings before the 20th century (especially those tied to imperial expansion and settler colonialism); modernity and mass violence; the role of leaders in planning and executing mass killings; popular participation in mass killings; religion as a factor in mass killing; gender and mass violence; the prosecution of perpetrators; and genocide prevention. The majority of the cases that we will examine occurred in the 20th century.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially.


HIST 821.3: Studies in Early Modern European History

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially.


HIST 850.6: Themes in Canadian History

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 859.3: Studies in Canadian History

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially.


HIST 860.6: Themes in Western Canadian History

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 870.6: Themes in the Americas

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 871.3: Studies in the Americas

Not Available

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially.


HIST 881.3: Historiography

Selected studies in the development of historical ideas and methodologies.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Note: Students may take this course more than once for credit, provided the topic covered in each offering differs substantially. Students must consult the Department to ensure that the topics covered are different.


HIST 883.3: Methods in Historical Research

This course is intended to help graduate students learn how to be a professional historian, practice writing proposals and think about the ways in which histories are crafted. We will consider shared professional standards, discuss different sources and approaches, and reflect on how one's approach shapes history writing.


HIST 884.3: Writing History

This course examines the craft of writing history and other forms of non-fiction by using a workshop approach to improve and enhance student writing skills and provide them with a better understanding and appreciation of the writing craft. Students will develop the tools and skills to write better history by studying the examples of established writers, learning the fundamentals of writing through in-class assignments, and participating in discussions of one another's work.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours
Restriction(s): Admission to the M.A. program in History.


HIST 885.6: Themes in East Asian History

This course is designed to provide an overview of the major approaches, methodologies and historiographical debates in the field of East Asian history.

Prerequisite(s): Students must be enrolled in a Ph.D. program in History, or have permission of the instructor.


HIST 888.0: Reading French for History

This course prepares graduate students in history and cognate disciplines to develop French reading and translation skills as they pertain to their future research interests. The primary emphasis will be on the comprehension of a wide variety of French texts and how best to render them into English. The course will also present a rapid overview of French grammar with some phonological and cultural references. Primary sources will be taken from a wide selection of scholarly texts written by francophone authors.

Note: HIST 888.0 is equivalent to INCC 801. Students with credit for INCC 801 may not receive credit for HIST 888.0.


HIST 898.3: Special Topics

Offered occasionally in special situations. Students interested in these courses should contact the department for more information.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 899.6: Special Topics

Offered occasionally in special situations. Students interested in these courses should contact the department for more information.

Weekly hours: 3 Seminar/Discussion hours


HIST 990.N/A: Seminar

Students and faculty will make presentations concerning their current research. All candidates for a graduate degree must make one presentation. Attendance is required throughout the graduate program.

Weekly hours: 1.5 Seminar/Discussion hours and 1.5 Reading hours


HIST 994.N/A: Research

Students writing a Master's thesis must register for this course.


HIST 996.N/A: Research

Students writing a Ph.D. thesis must register for this course.